Mosquitoes and Worldwide Disease
Mosquitoes are insects that thrive almost everyplace around the globe.And they are most active in warm, humid places where access to water is easy. The need for a moist, hot climate is the primary reason why so many mosquitoes live and breed in the tropics and sub-tropical nations.
Of course, the very hardy bug can also be found practically everywhere, as there are more than 3,000 different species of these insects throughout the world. And those species adapt well to various weather patterns and colder climates.
Despite that acclimation to cool climates,the largest populations of mosquitoes live in the humid tropical and sub-tropic regions almost all year long.
A few of the countries with annoyingly pervasive mosquito populations are the following (in no specific order):
- the Philippines
- parts of Australia
Mosquitoes and the Spread of Harmful (and Deadly) Illnesses
In regard to the places with the most abundant mosquito population, Africa is the continent which reports the most mosquito-borne diseases each year.
But also, in Asia and South America, there are far more mosquito-borne diseases than the rest of the world. However, these often go unreported in some nations. Regardless of reporting inaccuracies, these mosquito-borne diseases have become a significant cause of human fatalities.
One reason for this is that most mosquito-borne diseases do not have effective vaccines available. And the seemingly ever-increasing enormous mosquito population does not help science to solve this escalating problem.
Mosquito-borne viruses kill more than a million people each year, and over a billion people suffer long-term consequences like brain damage, blindness, serious illness, and debilitating pain.
Some of the most impactful and well-known diseases reported by medical professionals practicing in mosquito-prone regions are dengue fever, yellow fever, malaria, and the West Nile virus.
Indeed, malaria is the most common disease in Africa and dengue fever and yellow fever bring sad impacts to South America, and Asia.The West Nile virus is a big problem not only in Africa, South America and Asia but also in industrialized countries like Australia and the United States.
It’s no wonder that Bill Gates calls mosquitoes the deadliest animal on the face of the planet. This reference stems from the fact that in spite of their tiny size, these insects can kill you with a bite if you’re not adequately protected.
On the positive side, there are some places in the world where researchers have noted complete freedom from mosquitoes. Even though those locales offer a frigid and almost uninhabitable climate.
But look at the familiar landscape of North America. Mosquitoes flourish to the north as far as Maine, Alaska, and into much or Canada. And, they extend south to the sunny Caribbean shores of Mexico.
How Do Mosquitoes Spread Throughout the World?
In short, humans have carried mosquitoes all over the world. The little buggers like to inhabit objects such as water-filled containers such as tires or cut flowers and stow away for travel by sea, by vehicles, trains or aircraft. They are not particular about their mode of transport.
Mosquitoes have no respect for international borders, and a mosquito-borne disease can quickly spread from person to person, leading to significant outbreaks.
If you want to take a mosquito-free vacation, plan a trip to Iceland or Antarctica, or the Arctic North Pole.
Mosquitoes do not need much to survive. They spread quickly and adapt quickly to resist the impact of the most commonly utilized insecticides.
Final Thoughts on Mosquitoes
While not every species of mosquito draws human blood or transmits sicknesses, science considers mosquitoes worldwide to be the deadliest animals on earth that carry and spread infections.
Protect yourself and your environment by planting naturally mosquito repellent plants and keeping your area free of stagnant standing water.